(Jack Kluggman takes no responsibility for the accuracy of this lexicon)

A - Marmalade has been considered to be an Aphrodisiac. During her short rein in the 16th century it was gifted to Queen Mary in the hope that it would help her have a son. It didn't, and she died young in 1558.

B - After years of people trying to Ban the Robertson's gollywog (See MarmalAdvertising), they finally gave into the pressure and dropped the famous motif in August 2001.

C - After making their first marmalades in 1877, Chivers of Histon introduced their Thick Cut Old English Marmalade in 1907 (see jar in Gallery 2). The brand has remained strong and is still promoted as "The Aristocrat of the Breakfast Table".

D - The bizarrely named London based company Descastro & Peach gave up making marmalade after their product was tested in the 1850's, it was found to contain children's toe-nails & high levels of copper from over-boiling in copper vessels.

E - Marmalade was once thought to Enhance certain hallucinogenic drugs through its pectin content, in fact it is rumoured that Sherlock Holmes regularly eat marmalade on toast with prawns - this was his "brain food".

F - In 1874 Frank Cooper started to sell his wife's (Sarah Jane) famous marmalade at their 84 High Street Oxford premises (see jars in gallery 3).

G - James Robertson's son became so obsessed with Gollywogs after seeing some American children playing with rag dolls, the gollywogs visited him in a series of recurring dreams which only stopped when Robertson's introduced their first golly badge (the golly golfer) in 1928.

H - One of the earliest recorded recipients of a gift of Marmalade was Henry the VIII when Hull of Exeter presented him with one box of solidified marmalade in 1524.

I - Lime marmalade was introduced by Wilkin of Tiptree, they used limes from West India which they swapped for cabbages.

J - In the 1870's Victorian preserve manufacturer John Moir (see jars in Gallery 1) believed that eating Marmalade was the key to eternal life. At the age 174 the old fool can still be heard harping on about the health benefits of marmalade consumption.

K - Since 1988 Keiller's marmalade has been made at Robertson's Droylsden factory in Manchester.

L - Christina Aquilera's Lady Marmalade is officially the worlds best selling single of 2001 selling 5.2 million copies globally.

M - Newcastle based pottery company Maling, were the dominant force in producing marmalade pots in the late 19th Century, in one year they made 1.5 million jars for Keillers alone.

N - Crosbies premium marmalade brand was known as Nell Gwyn (see Gallery 3) named after the saucy 17th century actress. The company was later bought by Robertson's.

O - To avoid sugar taxes, and take advantage of export opportunities Keillers went Offshore with premises in Guernsey in1846 -1874.

P - Paddington the bear actually left Peru to escape arrest for toucan smuggling.

Q - The earliest marmalade was made from Quinces not Oranges. In fact the word Marmalade is a direct derivative of the Portuguese word Marmelo (which means Quince).

R - In 1864 James Robertson, a Paisley based grocer bought a big bucket of oranges from a shady character in a pub - his wife Marion then "knocked up" the first ever batch of Golden Shred (see pots in Gallery 2).

S - George & Margaret Baxter started making marmalade in 1868 in Morayshire. Baxter's (see pot in Gallery 2) are thought to be the last Scottish marmalade company still actually still manufacturing marmalade in Scotland.

T - London based company Castell & Brown (see pot in Gallery 1), had their marmalade tested in the 1850's and it was found to contain high levels of Turnip.

U - The only citrus fruit not to be put into wide marmalade production is the Ugly fruit. There is an urban myth that suggests that ugly fruit marmalade is the finest marmalade you could ever taste, however if you try and sell it, you will lose both your mind and your teeth. (See my recipe for Minneola & Ugly fruit marmalade).

V - Wilkin of Tiptree at one point sold 27 Varieties of marmalade, some flavours (like fish) would not be popular these days but they still make more than most.

W - Baxter's were the first company to introduce Whisky marmalade in 1952. Legend has it that the workers were drunk at a Christmas party, with no photocopiers available to record images of their naked body parts, they set to pouring whisky into vats of marmalade instead.

X - This Xmas why not give the gift of marmalade? Fortnum & Mason have been a pioneer of the marmalade gift for many years. They often sell marmalade gift packs presented in nice preserve pots.

Y - Strangely, marmite, the popular Yeast extract which has been around since 1902 makes a happy bedfellow for marmalade - try some marmalade and marmite sandwiches if you doubt me (65/35 in the favour of marmalade).

Z - Many of the miniature marmalade pots produced by Maling for Keillers and Cooper's were made for consumption on expensive train and liner journeys, it is even rumoured that if you had travelled on a Zeppelin in the 1930's you may well have had a small jar of Keillers.

Recommended Reading:

The Book of Marmalade - By C. Anne Wilson

ISBN 1903018 03X

Cooper's Oxford - By Brigid Allen)

ISBN 0-9514658-O-5

(A History of Frank Cooper Ltd)

Keiller's Of Dundee - By W. M. Mathew

ISBN 0-900019-34-4

(The Rise of the Marmalade Dynasty 1800-1879)

Secret History of Guernsey Marmalade

ISBN 0-9532547-0-4

By W. M. Mathew

(James Keiller & Son Offshore, 1857-1879)